Your Guide to Social Work and Online MSW Programs in 2023

With the wide array of social work programs available, picking a program that aligns with your needs is important. Our site aims to help you select the best program that will effectively prepare you for your future career by providing information on admission requirements, online instruction, coursework, fieldwork placements, financial aid, possible social work roles and more.

Sponsored Online MSW Programs

University of Denver

Graduate School of Social Work


Master of Social Work (MSW)

  • Complete the Online Advanced-Standing MSW in as few as 12 months if you have a BSW; if you do not have a BSW, the Online MSW Program may be completed in as few as 27 months.
  • No GRE Required
  • Customizable pathway options include Mental Health and Trauma or Health, Equity and Wellness concentrations

Fordham University

Graduate School of Social Service


Master of Social Work (MSW)

  •  Traditional and advanced standing online MSW options are available.
  • There are four areas of focus: Individuals and Families, Organizations and Community, Evaluation, and Policy Practice and Advocacy.
  • Pursue the degree on a full-time or part-time track.

Hawaii Pacific University

School of Social Work


Master of Social Work

  • Learn how to develop a multicultural social work practice.  
  • Pending accreditation by the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE).
  • Complete in 18 months full time, or in 36 months part time on the traditional track.
  • Complete in 12 months full time or 24 months part time on the Advanced Standing Track. 

Simmons University

Simmons School of Social Work (SSW)


Master of Social Work (MSW)

  • Prepares students to pursue licensure, including LCSW 
  • Full-time, part-time, and accelerated tracks 
  • Minimum completion time: 9 months


All Online Master’s in Social Work Programs

There are several online Master of Social Work programs to choose from. Our complete list of online master’s in social work programs can help you identify a program that suits your needs and career goals.


What Is Social Work?

The social work profession aims to promote social change, development and cohesion to enhance the well-being of individuals. While the definition of social work is broad, social workers can focus on a particular area or population such as families, children, older adults, veterans, clinical patients and people who were formerly incarcerated.

Social workers typically evaluate people who are at risk, identify ways to support them, provide counseling and secure resources like food stamps, child care or healthcare. For people in need, receiving assistance from a social worker can be tremendously helpful and may even be life-changing. The field is constantly evolving as the population’s needs change.

To become a social worker, there are a few general steps to follow, starting with earning a degree, gaining fieldwork experience and obtaining a license to practice.


Becoming a Social Worker

The path to becoming a social worker typically starts with earning a bachelor’s degree from an accredited university. Earning a Bachelor of Social Work or majoring in psychology, sociology or a similar discipline may be useful. From there, many people pursue entry-level social work roles. Others further their education by pursuing a Master of Social Work (MSW) degree.

An MSW can prepare individuals to become social work leaders. MSW candidates can pursue a wide range of specialized roles, including a clinical social worker position.

All clinical social workers must obtain licensure to practice. The process and requirements vary by state. Additionally, social workers are expected to adhere to a code of ethics determined by the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) that includes:

  • Service
  • Social justice
  • Dignity and worth of the person
  • Importance of human relationships
  • Integrity
  • Competence

To help you pursue a career where you can exercise these values, provides comprehensive information on online MSW programs that have been accredited by the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE).

Learn how to become a social worker.


Social Work Education

Whether you’re an undergraduate student looking for a career change or already in the field of social work, there’s likely an advanced social work degree program for you. But before selecting an online graduate-level degree program, there are various factors to consider. Begin by determining which of those factors is most important to you and will help equip you for your desired career.

Below is a list and detailed overview of considerations.

Sponsored Online MSW Programs

Howard University

School of Social Work


Master of Social Work (MSW)

  • Concentrations: Direct Practice and Community, Administration, and Policy Practice
  • Complete at least 777-1,000 hours of agency-based field education
  • Earn your degree in as few as 12 months


What should you consider when choosing your online social work program?

CSWE Accreditation

All accredited online social work degrees must meet the same CSWE accreditation standards as their campus-based counterparts. But not every MSW program online is accredited by the CSWE. CSWE-accredited social work programs are rooted in competency-based education that includes:

  • Demonstrating ethical and professional behavior.
  • Engaging in anti-racism, diversity, equity and inclusion in practice.
  • Advancing human rights and social, racial, economic and environmental justice.
  • Prioritizing practice-informed research, research-informed practice and policy practice.
  • Engaging in, assessing, intervening and evaluating practice with individuals, families, groups, organizations and communications.

The CSWE also evaluates an MSW program’s mission and goals, social work practice curriculum and implicit curriculum including diversity, student development and participation and faculty and administrative structure.

Enrollment and Admission Options

Online MSW programs typically offer various enrollment options for students: part time and full time, advanced standing and traditional standing.

Part Time, Online MSW

1.5 to 4 years

Traditional part-time programs can take 2.5 to 4 or more years to complete, depending on the structure of the curriculum, while advanced standing part-time programs are typically 1.5 to 2.5 years. The majority of part-time programs still use the cohort model.

Full Time, Online MSW

1 to 2 years

Full-time online master’s in social work programs typically take 2 years to complete for traditional standing students and 1 full year to complete for advanced standing students.

Advanced Standing Online MSW

First year waived

For students who earned a Bachelor of Social Work (BSW) from a CSWE-accredited undergraduate program, some graduate schools offer an online Master of Social Work program that waives the first year of classes, which are also known as foundation classes.

Traditional Online MSW

Generalist curriculum
or specialized track

Students who have not pursued a BSW typically enroll in a traditional standing program to earn their online Master of Social Work. Traditional online MSW programs will most likely offer a curriculum with foundational coursework as well as specialized classes that focus on social work practice.

Class Structure for Online Social Work

In addition to the different options described above, online MSW programs have diverse class structures. Prospective social work students should understand these differences when researching online social work programs since they can affect how and when you may attend class.

Cohort Model Structure

The majority of online MSW programs use a cohort model where applicants are accepted and placed into a specific group of students that proceed through the program together. Schools that employ the cohort model typically have a set schedule of courses that must be followed in a specific order. Programs that use a cohort model may still allow students to take elective courses, typically during specific semesters. Cohort models are valuable for students who want to develop relationships with their classmates—a student’s cohort can become their professional network and support group.

Flexible Course Scheduling Structure

MSW online programs with flexible course scheduling allow students to choose courses on their own. Individual courses may still have prerequisites, but there is no set structure where students must take a specific number of courses per session or semester. Schools with this format usually set a limit on the number of years during which students must complete the degree program and graduate. Flexible scheduling structures are valuable for students who wish to diversify their course load from semester to semester, depending on how much time they have to pursue their degree.

Class Size for MSW Students

The number of students in an online MSW class can vary greatly. In situations where live or even asynchronous discussions are being held, class size can affect the flow, direction and response during those discussions. Smaller class sizes in synchronous courses may make it easier for students to develop connections with each other and truly achieve a cohort feel. Those considering an MSW degree online should think about how important class size may be to them as they evaluate programs. Many schools will report a student-to-faculty ratio or a maximum class size, which can help in your decision-making process.

Instruction Methods in Online MSW Programs

There are generally two types of instruction methods for online MSW programs: synchronous and asynchronous, or live and pre-recorded content, respectively. Each type adds its own value to the MSW program.

Synchronous Instruction

Online courses with synchronous instruction require students to log in and attend classes at specific times, which are typically set before the course starts and are included in the syllabus. A camera and microphone are often recommended or are necessary for synchronous classes.

Some benefits of online courses with synchronous instruction include:

  • Asking instructors questions in real time.
  • Gaining a sense of community.
  • Collaborating with classmates.
  • Avoid commuting to campus.

Asynchronous Instruction

Online courses with asynchronous instruction do not require students to attend classes in real time. Like synchronous classes, those with asynchronous instruction have deadlines for assignments and tests that students must meet in order to pass.

Some benefits of online courses with asynchronous instruction include:

  • Viewing digital study materials multiple times.
  • Preparing for live discussions using pre-recorded lectures.
  • Reviewing class materials repeatedly regardless of location or time zone.

Support for MSW Internships

Social work internships, often referred to as field education, are an important component of all MSW online programs. During field education, students are placed at local services agencies where they work closely with field instructors who provide mentorship in the real-world applications of social work.

Some examples of local agencies may include:

  • Community organizations
  • Addiction treatment centers
  • Mental health facilities
  • Family counseling centers
  • Medical care facilities

Social work internships provide students with valuable opportunities to apply their classroom education to real-world situations in a controlled and supervised environment. All field instructors are required to have earned an MSW and typically have at least two to three years of post-graduation experience, according to CSWE guidelines.

Your field education will take place at an approved program site, typically one affiliated with your program. Your advisors can work with you to find a placement that fits with your career interests and schedule.

Tuition and Financial Aid for Online MSW Programs

What is deemed affordable for an online MSW program will vary from individual to individual. Cost of the degree program depends on a variety of factors, such as location, the program’s reputation and whether the school offers financial aid for specific students.

When researching the best online MSW program for you, consider these factors and contact the universities directly to learn about their tuition rates, scholarship opportunities and financial aid options.

Social Work Concentrations

The field of social work is broad and intersects with individuals and communities on various levels. Many online social work programs offer concentrations that enable students to further specialize.

Examples of MSW concentrations include:


Careers in Social Work

Through your chosen MSW concentration, you can lay the groundwork for a career within that specialized field of social work. For instance, to become a licensed master social worker (LMSW), you should have a master’s degree and two years of experience in a supervised setting, all of which an accredited clinical social work program can offer you.

Similarly, if you decide to pursue a social work career in educational services or wish to become a licensed clinical social worker (LCSW), then follow the steps above and seek out a program with a school social work or clinical social work concentration, respectively.

After you gain hands-on experience, you can apply for state licensure to practice within your chosen specialty. Always check with your state licensing board to ensure you meet the requirements for the specific field in which you wish to practice.

The demand for social workers is expected to grow 7% by 2032, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), and the median salary for social workers in 2022 was $55,350.


Requirements for Prospective Social Workers

Becoming a social worker starts off with education. You have to earn a bachelor’s degree, and then get accepted into the online MSW program of your choosing. During your master’s program, you need to complete your field work requirements, which may be as many as 1,200 hours. Upon successful completion of the program and field work, you can pursue licensing in your state.

Eligibility and Admission Requirements

Online MSW programs are accessible to students across the nation, provided they fulfill the program’s competitive admission criteria. Traditional students (those without advanced standing status) need to do the following to apply to most institutions:

  • Possess a bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution (preferably in a social sciences discipline).
  • Maintain minimum GPA requirements.
  • Meet certain prerequisite course requirements.
  • Provide an undergraduate transcript.
  • Submit a personal statement and academic letters of recommendation.

In addition, an online program will require that you have the technology needed to attend classes and successfully complete your assignments. Visit our online MSW program admission guide for a full list of requirements.

Field Education Requirements

If you pursue an MSW degree online, you will be required to gain experience in the social work field with an internship. This is also known as the field education or practicum component of the curriculum.

The required number of field education hours can vary by school and state:


900 – 1,200 hours depending on the school.


Up to 900 hours

including undergraduate field work.

Online MSW programs typically have set semesters when students complete their field education requirements. The number of hours students spend in field education per week depends also on whether they are enrolled in a full-time or part-time MSW program. Part-time programs tend to take longer, so there may be more time for students to complete the requirement.


16 – 20 hours per week to meet the requirements during their two-year degree program.


1 day per week

at an agency during semesters when they take field education classes.

Field education hours were last updated March 2020. Check with your university for more current information as hours by program may differ.

With an online MSW, you may be located thousands of miles from your school as you learn alongside people from all over the country and gain work experience in your immediate area.

Licensing Requirements

With an MSW, you may be working in government, schools or clinical settings with vulnerable populations. Regardless of setting, social workers are required to have a current license with the state in which they practice.

The social work licensing process varies by state. But typically, you must earn an MSW from an accredited institution and pass a state examination to earn clinical or independent licensure to practice in your state.

Two of the most common licenses you may come across are licensed clinical social worker (LCSW) and licensed master social worker (LMSW).


Social Work Resources

Now that you have an understanding of what to look for in prospective online MSW programs, what comes next? It’s important to stay current on issues that are most prevalent in the industry and understand your career options.

Resources About Social Issues

Throughout its history, social work has focused on battling inequality and supporting vulnerable or at-risk populations through advocacy, policy and research. But the landscape is constantly evolving as the field gains new research and data. Today, social workers have to think about how to minimize trauma for clinical patients, navigate social media and help people through burnout. Gain insight into some common social work issues.

Interviews with Faculty and Social Workers

We’ve conducted interviews with several social workers and educators to help you learn what it takes to earn an online MSW, what concentrations and possible career path options you have, how to get the most out of practical experience and the highlights of day-to-day social work.

Social Work Salaries

Social worker salaries vary by experience level, geographic location and even discipline. Remember, average and median salaries are only an estimate based on current data. If you enter a discipline you are passionate about and work your way up the career ladder, you may eventually be able to achieve a higher salary.

Social Worker Salary Guide


Throughout, you’ll find answers to frequently asked questions about online MSW programs that may come up in your search for the right program.

External Resources

Here are some websites and resource pages to help you learn more about the social work field:


Last updated October 2023.


Please take a minute and read our online MSW programs disclaimers page as licensing requirements for social workers vary by state. Prospective students should check with their state’s social work licensing board and speak with an admissions counselor about state-specific requirements before applying to a program.